Revision der von Ferdinand Rudow beschriebenen Ichneumonidae I. (Hymenoptera).

  • Klaus Horstmann

Abstract

Ferdinand Rudow (1840-1920) hat in der Familie Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) 234 Arten und Varietäten beschrieben, von denen 167 hier revidiert werden (alle mit Ausnahme der in den Gattungen Pezolochus Förster und Pezomachus Gravenhorst beschriebenen Arten). Fast alle diese Taxa stammen aus der Westpaläarktis, aber ein Taxon ist nearktisch (Ophion undulatus Gravenhorst var. giganteus) und ein anderes neotropisch (Crypturus gracilis). Die Typen von 115 Taxa konnten in Rudows Sammlung im Phyletischen Museum in Jena gefunden werden, und für 92 Taxa werden Lectotypen festgelegt. Zwei dieser Taxa gehören zu Arten der Familien Braconidae beziehungsweise Scelionidae (Aptesis macroptera, Aptesis unicolor). In sechs Fällen konnten die Typen nicht mit anderen beschriebenen Arten identifiziert werden. Von den 52 Taxa, die nicht durch Typen vertreten sind, konnten 28 mit Hilfe anderer Mittel (Literaturhinweise, Rudows Beschreibungen, in der Sammlung vorhandene Nichttypen) identifiziert werden, während 24 Taxa Nomina dubia bleiben. Zusammen 119 neue Synonyme werden angegeben. In 128 Fällen erwiesen sich Rudows Namen der Artgruppe als jüngere Synonyme und/oder Homonyme, und nur 11 von Rudow gegebene Artnamen werden derzeit als gültige Namen von bekannten Arten oder Unterarten angesehen. Auf zahlreiche Besonderheiten von Rudows Werk und Sammlung wird hingewiesen.

Nomenklatorische Handlungen

ephippium Rudow, 1914 (Agrothereutes), Lectotype; syn. n. of Aptesis nigrocincta (Gravenhorst, 1815)
fulvipes Rudow, 1914 (Agrothereutes), Lectotype; syn. n. of Aptesis nigrocincta (Gravenhorst, 1815)
rufiventris Rudow, 1917 (Agrothereutes), Lectotype; syn. n. of Theroscopus bonelli (Gravenhorst, 1815)
aetnensis (Rudow, 1883) (Allophatnus), Lectotype described as Cryptus aetnensis
bellemitus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Ichneumon steckii Kriechbaumer, 1887
bicolor Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. praeocc. from A. bicolor Kriechbaumer, 1882; syn. of Ctenichneumon repentinus (Gravenhorst, 1820)
bipunctatus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), syn. n. of Diphyus quadripunctorius (Müller, 1776)
bizonatus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), syn. n. of Ichneumon lautatorius Desvignes, 1856
croceiventris Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Ichneumon molitorius Linnaeus, 1761
diversipes Berthoumieu, 1897 (Amblyteles), syn. n. of Triptognathus fumipennis (Rudow, 1888)
dromedarius Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Coelichneumon rudis (Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1847)
erythropygus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Ctenichneumon melanocastanus (Gravenhorst, 1829)
fumipennis Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Pseudoamblyteles homocerus (Wesmael, 1854)
gynandromorphus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Ichneumon melanobatus Gravenhorst, 1829
italicus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), syn. n. of Protichneumon fusorius (Linnaeus, 1761)
laticeps Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), syn. n. of Coelichneumon serenus (Gravenhorst, 1820)
laticinctus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), syn. n. of Eutanyacra crispatoria (Linnaeus, 1758)
lotharingicus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Ctenichneumon edictorius (Linnaeus, 1758)
muticus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Ichneumon luteipes Wesmael, 1855
palliventris Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), syn. n. of Hepiopelmus melanogaster (Gmelin, 1790)
quadrimaculatus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Triptognathus fumigator (Gravenhorst, 1820)
ruficornis Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), syn. n. of Ichneumon inops Holmgren, 1880
rufipes Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Coelichneumon rudis (Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1847)
severus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Triptognathus fumigator (Gravenhorst, 1820)
siculus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), syn. n. of Eutanyacra glaucatoria (Fabricius, 1793)
sulfureopictus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Ichneumon inquinatus Wesmael, 1844
tristis Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Triptognathus rubricinctus (Lucas, 1849)
violaceus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Hoplismenus lamprolabus Wesmael, 1857
zonatus Rudow, 1888 (Amblyteles), syn. n. of Triptognathus unifasciatus (Spinola, 1843)
alpina Rudow, 1917 (Aptesis), Lectotype; syn. n. of Pleolophus vestigialis (Förster, 1850)
borealis Rudow, 1917 (Aptesis), Lectotype; syn. n. of Aptesis nigrocincta (Gravenhorst, 1815)
livonensis Rudow, 1917 (Aptesis), Lectotype; syn. n. of Agrothereutes abbreviatus (Fabricius, 1794)
macroptera Rudow, 1917 (Aptesis), Lectotype; syn. n. of Orgilus parvipennis Thomson, 1895
spectabilis Rudow, 1886 (Aptesis), Lectotype; syn. n. of Agrothereutes abbreviatus (Fabricius, 1794)
tricolor Rudow, 1886 (Aptesis), syn. n. of Agrothereutes abbreviatus (Fabricius, 1794)
unicolor Rudow, 1917 (Aptesis), Lectotype; syn. n. of Trimorus varicorenis (Walker, 1836)
crassicornis Rudow, 1886 (Banchopsis), Lectotype
collaris (Rudow, 1883) (Caenocryptus rufiventris), Lectotype; stat. n. dedscribed as Cryptus collaris
impunctatus Schwarz, 1991 (Caenocryptus rufiventris), syn. n. of Caenocryptus rufiventris collaris (Rudow, 1883)
erythronotus (Rudow, 1888) (Coelichneumon), Lectotype described as Amblyteles erythronotus
purpurissatus Perkins, 1953 (Coelichneumon), syn. n. of Coelichneumon erythronotus (Rudow, 1888)
maximus Rudow, 1881 (Coleocentrus), syn. n. of Coleocentrus caligatus (Gravenhorst, 1829)
ruficornis Rudow, 1881 (Coleocentrus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Mesoclistus rufipes (Gravenhorst, 1829)
scutellaris Rudow, 1881 (Coleocentrus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Exatastes rufipes (Gmelin, 1790)
aculeatus Rudow, 1883 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Listrognathus ligator (Gravenhorst, 1829)
annulitarsis Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Ischnus alternator (Gravenhorst, 1829)
bicolor Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), syn. n. of Cryptus inculcator (Linnaeus, 1758)
crassicornis Rudow, 1883 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Hoplismenus albifrons (Gravenhorst, 1829)
dineurae Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Ischnus agitator (Olivier, 1792)
elongatus Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), syn. n. of Mesostenus grammicus Gravenhorst, 1829
ephippium Rudow, 1886 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Aoplus ochropis (Gmelin, 1790)
erythronotus Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Neotypus nobilitator (Gravenhorst, 1807)
erythrosoma Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. Cryptus inculcator (Linnaeus, 1758)
filicornis Rudow, 1886 (Cryptus), syn. n. of Cryptus armator Fabricius, 1804
flavopictus Rudow, 1883 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Ischnus inquisitorius (Müller, 1776)
gallarum Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Mesostenus transfuga Gravenhorst, 1829
genuicinctus Rudow, 1886 (Cryptus), syn. n. of Alloplasta piceator (Thunberg, 1822)
histrionicus Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Cryptus apparitorius (Villers, 1789)
humeralis Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Aritranis femoralis (Gravenhorst, 1829)
hymotomadum Rudow, 1883 (Cryptus), Lectotype, syn. n. of Agrothereutes fumipennis (Gravenhorst, 1829)
illustris Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), syn. n. of Xylophrurus augustus (Dalman, 1823)
leucozonius Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Synechocryptus mactator (Tschek, 1870)
lippensis Rudow, 1883 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Cryptus inculcator (Linnaeus, 1758)
longiseta Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; nom. praeocc. from Cryptus longiseta Taschenberg, 1871
macrophyiae Rudow, 1911 (Cryptus), syn. n. of Aritranis bellosa bellosa (Curtis, 1837)
myrmecoleontis Rudow, 1888 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Mymeleonostenus italicus (Gravenhorst, 1829)
napiformis Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype, syn. n. of Apsilops aquaticus (Thomson, 1874)
pectinitarsis Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Meringopus titillator (Linnaeus, 1758)
picticornis Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Thrybius praedator (Rossi, 1792)
poecilopus Rudow, 1883 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Plectocryptus digitatus (Gmelin, 1790)
robustus Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Listrognathus obnoxius (Gravenhorst, 1829)
rufifrons Rudow, 1883 (Cryptus), syn. n. of Chirotica rubrotincta rubrotincta (Thomson, 1885)
senilis Rudow, 1882 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Lisgtrognathus ligator (Gravenhorst, 1829)
tuberculipes Rudow, 1886 (Cryptus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Meringopus calescens (Gravenhorst, 1829)
spectabilis Rudow, 1882 (Ctenopelma), Lectotype; syn. n. of Rhorus punctus (Gravenhorst, 1829)
mauritanicus (Rudow, 1888) (Diphyus), Lectotype described as Amblyteles mauritanicus
ascaniae Rudow, 1883 (Ephialtes), Lectotype now a synonym of Liotryphon ruficollis (Desvignes, 1856)
balanini Rudow, 1883 (Ephialtes), Lectotype now a synonym of Tromatobia oculatoria (Fabricius, 1798)
ruficollis Rudow, 1881 (Ephialtes), syn. n. of Paraperithous gnathaulax (Thomson, 1877)
ruficornis Rudow, 1883 (Exatastes), syn. n. of Xenoschesis fulvipes (Gravenhorst, 1829)
brunniventris Rudow, 1883 (Exochus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Hyperacmus crassicornis (Gravenhorst, 1829)
brevicornis Rudow, 1883 (Glypta), Lectotype now a synonym of Glypta consimilis Holmgren, 1860
ephippium Rudow, 1886 (Hemimachus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Gelis areator (Panzer, 1804)
gallarum Rudow, 1881 (Hemiteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Mesostenus transfuga (Gravenhorst, 1829)
hellbachi Schmiedeknecht, 1905 (Hemiteles), syn. n. of Sulcariusa bispinosus (Rudow, 1886)
maculipennis Rudow, 1886 (Hemiteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Orthizema subannulatum (Bridgman, 1883)
microgastri Rudow, 1886 (Hemiteles), syn. n. of Gelis areator (Panzer, 1804)
nebulosus Rudow, 1886 (Hemiteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Gnotus tenuipes (Gravenhorst, 1829)
pectoralis Rudow, 1886 (Hemiteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Megastylus cruentator Schioedte, 1838
ruficollis Rudow, 1886 (Hemiteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Gelis areator (Panzer, 1804)
sericeus Rudow, 1886 (Hemiteles), Lectotype; syn. n. of Gelis areator (Panzer, 1804)
ichneumonoides Rudow, 1883 (Hoplismenus bidentatus var.), stat. n.; syn. n. described as Cryptus ichneumonoides
cruentata (Rudow, 1883) (Itoplectis maculator), Lectotype; stat. n. described as Pimpla cruentata
normannica Rudow, 1883 (Limneria), Lectotype; syn. n. of Diadegma crassicorne (Gravenhorst, 1829)
spectabilis Rudow, 1883 (Limneria), Lectotype, syn. n. of Sinophorus turionus (Ratzeburg, 1844)
fumipennis Rudow, 1881 (Meniscus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Lissonota conflagrata Gravenhorst, 1829
minutus Rudow, 1881 (Meniscus), Lectotype; syn. n. of Otlophorus pulverulentus (Holmgren, 1857)
agriolus Rudow, 1882 (Mesostenus), syn. n. of Picardiella melanoleuca (Gravenhorst, 1829)
hellenicus Schmiedeknecht, 1905 (Mesostenus), syn. n. of Allophatnus aetnensis (Rudow, 1883)
ruficollis Rudow, 1882 (Mesostenus), syn. n. of Stenarella domator cruentator (Klug, 1835)
variegatum Rudow, 1883 (Ophion), syn. n. of Ophion obscuratus Fabricius, 1798
giganteus Rudow, 1883 (Ophion undulatus var.), syn. n. of Enicospilus americanus (Christ, 1791)
separatus Schmiedeknecht, 1906 (Pezomachus), syn. n. of Gelis atrata (Rudow, 1886)
brumatae Rudow, 1886 (Phygadeuon), Lectotype; syn. n. of Oresbius leucopsis (Gravenhorst, 1829)
leucostictus Rudow, 1886 (Phygadeuon), syn. n. of Aptesis pugnax (Hartig, 1838)
lycaenae Rudow, 1886 (Phygadeuon), Lectotype; syn. n. of Phygadeuon fumator Gravenhorst, 1829
nematorum Rudow, 1886 (Phygadeuon), Lectotype; syn. n. of Aptesis jejunatgor (Gravenhorst, 1807)
pachycephalus Rudow, 1886 (Phygadeuon), syn. n. of Eristicus clarigator (Wesmael, 1844)
pictipes Rudow, 1886 (Phygadeuon), Lectotype; syn. n. of Endasys parviventris (Gravenhorst, 1829)
spinosus Rudow, 1886 (Phygadeuon), Lectotype; syn. n. of Apsilops cinctorius (Fabricius, 1775)
amoena Rudow, 1881 (Pimpla), Lectotype; syn. n. of Perithous divinator (Rossi, 1790)
castaniventris Kriechbaumer, 1894 (Pimpla), syn. n. of Itoplectis maculator cruentata (Rudow, 1883)
colorata Rudow, 1883 (Pimpla), Lectotype; syn. n. of Zatypota albicoxa (Walker, 1874)
ephippium Rudow, 1883 (Pimpla), syn. n. of Zaglyptus multicolor (Gravenhorst, 1829)
flavipennis Rudow, 1883 (Pimpla), Lectotype now a synonym of Exeristes roborator (Fabricius, 1793)
nematorum Rudow, 1881 (Pimpla), Lectotype now a synonym of Stilbops ruficorne (Gravenhorst, 1829)
robusta Rudow, 1883 (Pimpla), Lectotype now a synonym of Exeristes roboratgor (Fabricius, 1793)
rufipes Rudow, 1883 (Pimpla), Lectotype now a synonym of Apechthis compunctor (Linnaeus, 1758)
melanosoma (Rudow, 1882) (Schreineria), Lectotype described as Cryptus melanosoma
longicauda Rudow, 1886 (Stibeutes), syn. n. of Gelis rufithorax Horstmann, 1990; paeocc. in Gelis from Thomson, 1884
bispinosus (Rudow, 1886) (Sulcarius), Lectotype described as Phygadeuon bispinosus
hesperophanis Picard, 1919 (Sycophrurus), syn. n. of Schreineria melanosoma (Rudow, 1882)
analis Rudow, 1917 (Theroscopus), syn. n. of Aptesis nigrocincta (Gravenhorst, 1815)
haemorhoidalis Rudow, 1914 (Theroscopus), syn. n. of Aptesis nigrocincta (Gravenhorst, 1815)
collaris (Rudow, 1888) (Triptognathus), Lectotype described as Amblyteles collaris
fumipennis (Rudow, 1888) (Triptognathus), Lectotype described as Amblyteles fumipennis
tricolor Rudow, 1910 (Tryphon), Lectotype; syn. n. of Tryphon bidentatus Stephens, 1835

Veröffentlicht
1993-04-19
Zitationsvorschlag
Horstmann, K. 1993: Revision der von Ferdinand Rudow beschriebenen Ichneumonidae I. (Hymenoptera). - Beiträge Zur Entomologie = Contributions to Entomology 43(1): 3-38 - doi: 10.21248/contrib.entomol.43.1.3-38
Seiten
3-38
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